Historical sites and landmarks[ edit ] Egypt — Obelisk, Alexandria. Roman Amphitheater Roman Pompey’s Pillar Due to the constant presence of war in Alexandria in ancient times, very little of the ancient city has survived into the present day. Much of the royal and civic quarters sank beneath the harbour due to earthquake subsidence in AD , and the rest has been built over in modern times. Kom El Shoqafa ” Pompey’s Pillar “, a Roman triumphal column , is one of the best-known ancient monuments still standing in Alexandria today. It is located on Alexandria’s ancient acropolis —a modest hill located adjacent to the city’s Arab cemetery —and was originally part of a temple colonnade. Its volume is cubic meters 4, cubic feet and weight approximately tons. The Romans had cranes but they were not strong enough to lift something this heavy. Roger Hopkins and Mark Lehrner conducted several obelisk erecting experiments including a successful attempt to erect a ton obelisk in This followed two experiments to erect smaller obelisks and two failed attempts to erect a ton obelisk. Beneath the acropolis itself are the subterranean remains of the Serapeum, where the mysteries of the god Serapis were enacted, and whose carved wall niches are believed to have provided overflow storage space for the ancient Library.

14 Top Tourist Attractions in Alexandria & Easy Day Trips

Biblical Egypt The Book of Genesis and Book of Exodus describe a period of Hebrew servitude in ancient Egypt, during decades of sojourn in Egypt, the escape of well over a million Israelites from the Delta , and the three-month journey through the wilderness to Sinai. A reasonably Bible-friendly interpretation is that they were a federation of Habiru tribes of the hill-country around the Jordan River.

Presumably, this federation consolidated into the kingdom of Israel, and Judah split from that, during the dark age that followed the Bronze.

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Jeep safari to the most picturesque protectorate of Egypt Abu Galum – with its high mountains, narrow sinuous valleys, freshwater springs, costal sand Excursions and Tours in Egypt Over the years we’ve built our reputation to become Egypt’s favourite tour operator, just read our reviews and you’ll see why! So if you’re going on holiday to Aswan in Egypt and looking for some tours, staying in Alexandria and wondering what excursions are on offer or holidaying in Luxor, EgyptExcursions.

Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Sharm el Sheikh and Hurghada Tours Over the years we’ve become well-known for our wide range of family-friendly tours and trips throughout all the Egyptian tourist resorts. We know better than anybody that the days you’ll remember most of your holiday to Egypt weren’t the lazy days you spent around the poolside although that does sound pretty good , rather it will be the amazing days you spent visiting the ancient Pyramids of Giza on our Cairo tours, the afternoon you spent scuba diving amongst the colour fish of the Red Sea, or the mornign spent zooming over the golden desert sands on a quad bike!

Book your tours in Egypt today and make the most of your time in Egypt. Our Latest Review Luxor Tour from Hurghada After being picked up from our hotel in Hurghada we then travelled on our 5 hour air conditioned mini van trip to luxor. When we arrived at Karnak we were greeted by our tour guide Marwa who was very pleasant and a superb knowledgeable person. After Karnak we were taken to a motor boat where we crossed the river Nile and then proceeded to a restaurant for our dinner and the went to the valley of the kings.

A big thankyou to Marwa and her team. Paul and sue from Manchester – 19th Nov

Sunken Cities

April 2 Patron of Chastity warfare against the flesh; deliverance from carnal passions ; Demons deliverance from ; Fever; Skin diseases; Temptations of the flesh Birth: In Cyril of Scythopolis’ life of St. Cyryacus, he tells of a woman named Mary found by Cyryacus and his companions living as a hermitess in the Jordanian desert.

Egypt is one of the cradles of civilization in the Middle East. Traces of early man were found in Egypt dating back as early as , years ago.

More than four centuries later, the city of Heracleion was noted by the ancient geographer Strabo to have been located to the east of Canopus at the mouth of the Canopic branch of the Nile, establishing another reference to its existence. The ancient city of Canopus has been mentioned many times in Greek mythology and Egyptian decrees, and by Greek historians. Utilizing sophisticated technical equipment Goddio and his team were able to locate, map, and excavate parts of Canopus and Thonis-Heracleion and confirm that the region had indeed once been an important center of trade and site of religious pilgrimage.

The excavation has also helped scholars understand the Mysteries of Osiris, an annual festival that commemorated one of Egypt’s most important myths—the murder and resurrection of the god Osiris. A team of underwater archaeologists, led by Goddio, continues to tirelessly explore the submerged land off the Mediterranean coast. This ambitious year-long project covers a vast area the size of Paris and brings to light findings of antiquities of considerable importance, transforming our understanding of the extensive exchange of goods and ideas between Egypt and its Mediterranean neighbors.

The archaeological work of Franck Goddio has been supported since by the Hilti Foundation. After this, Osiris became the Lord of the Afterlife. Horus successfully fought against Seth, avenging Osiris and receiving Egypt as his heritage. This procession created an enduring mystical tie between the two neighboring cities. Most of these objects will be seen in the Western Hemisphere for the first time in this exhibition.

Alexandria

A multiple entry visa is also obtainable for 60 USD. There are other websites purporting to offer electronic visas, some of which reportedly charge double the official price, but this is the only official Government of Egypt portal for this service. Egyptian immigration officials occasionally have denied entry to travelers without explanation. Visas for gainful employment or study in Egypt must be obtained prior to travel.

The day visa requires the submission of a travel agency support letter which may be obtained from travel agents at the border; their fees for providing this service vary.

Currency: Entering or exiting Egypt with more than $10, is prohibited. Attempting to enter or depart Egypt with any instruments of currency in the sum of more than $10, could result in the confiscation of the money over $10, and other penalties.

Traces of early man were found in Egypt dating back as early as , years ago. Egypt and ancient Canaan to the north probably served as the bridges by which successive waves of humans: Ancient Egyptians used a phonetic-pictograph writing called hieroglyphics by the Ancient Greeks. This system evolved from portrayal of pictures of objects to using stylized representation of objects to represent sound combinations and compose words, to a phonetic alphabet much like our own.

Ancient Egypt boasted considerable achievements in art, medicine, astronomy and literature, and was the hub of civilization in much of the Near East and North Africa. The unique history of ancient Egypt and visible monuments to that history helped Egyptians to preserve a distinct national consciousness, and to remain a separate entity during the years of Arab, Mameluke and Ottoman conquest. Mummy Until the conversion to Christianity, Egyptian polytheistic religion centered around the after life.

Pharaohs and rich Egyptians built elaborate tombs in caves or in Pyramids, decorated with elaborate art on the interior and containing jewelry and objects that would be needed in the after-life, and in some cases servants and slaves who were interred with their master. The walls of pyramids were decorated with elaborate stylized frescos such as the one at right, in which noble persons were shown as larger than slaves, and subjects were drawn in profile. In other periods, all subjects were shown in frontal view only.

The king or noble person had his or her body embalmed, wrapped in linen, and enclosed in an elaborate carved coffin as a mummy. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus wrote that Egypt is the gift of the Nile, meaning that it flourished on the top soil that was formed from silt brought by the recurrent floods of the Nile. Indeed, Egypt is the gift of the Nile, and it was founded and developed around that river, for there is no rain in Egypt.

Sunken Cities

Even from their ancient times, the Egyptians had a true preoccupation for their culture. A fact proved by the relics and artifacts found in the excavations made in the historical sites from Egypt. The royalty of the ancient Egypt had a cult for the gold jewelry and paid much attention to the clothes they were wearing, preferring the silk clothes. The life of the ancient Egyptians was coordinated by their gods and goddesses in who they have a very strong faith.

The ancient Egypt’s religious practices were related to the celestial bodies and their movements. The library of Alexandria was considered the world’s biggest library, having numerous manuscripts of the Egypt’s ancient literature.

Alexandria (/ ˌ æ l ɪ ɡ ˈ z æ n d r i ə / or /-ˈ z ɑː n d-/; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندريه ‎ Eskendereyya; Arabic: الإسكندرية ‎ al-ʾIskandariyya; Coptic: ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ Alexandria or ⲣⲁⲕⲟϯ Rakote) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about 32 .

Thought to date from the 2nd century AD, they offer an admirable example of the characteristic Alexandrian fusion of Egyptian and Greco-Roman styles. Discovered in thanks to a donkey falling into them they are laid out on several levels of sarcophagi and loculi shelf tomb chambers. A spiral staircase leads down into the ground to the main rotunda. To the right, you can enter the main burial chamber and also the Sepulchral Chapel with 91 loculi, each large enough to accommodate three or four mummies.

To the left is a large room known as the Triclinium Funebre, which would have been used for banquets in honor of the dead. Copy and Paste the code below: In Carmous in the southwest of the city is a hill littered with the remains of ancient walls, architectural fragments, and rubble on which Alexandria’s only ancient monument is left standing.

Pompey’s Pillar rises from the ruins of the ancient and famous Serapeion Temple of Serapis , which was once used to store the overflow of manuscripts from the Great Library of Alexandria. This column of red Aswan granite with a Corinthian capital, standing on a badly ruined substructure and rising to a height of almost 27 meters, actually has nothing to do with Pompey and was instead set up in AD in honor of Diocletian, who supplied food for the starving population after the siege of the city.

Carmous Montazah Gardens Share: An oasis of calm on the city’s eastern edge, Montazah is a lush haven of tall palm trees, trimmed lawns, and blossoming flowers that was once off-limits to all but the royal court and their hangers-on. Built as a hunting lodge in the s by Khedive Abbas Hilmi, it was later extended substantially by King Fuad and replaced Ras el-Tin Palace as the royal family’s summer house.

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See Article History Alternative Titles: Pharaonic Egypt thrived for some 3, years through a series of native dynasties that were interspersed with brief periods of foreign rule. After Alexander the Great conquered the region in bc, urban Egypt became an integral part of the Hellenistic world. Under the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty, an advanced literate society thrived in the city of Alexandria, but what is now Egypt was conquered by the Romans in 30 bc.

Pyramids dating from the 3rd millennium bc, Giza plateau near Cairo.

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The Ptolemaic court cultivated extravagant luxury in the Greek style in its magnificent and steadily expanding palace complex, which occupied as much as a third of the city by the early Roman period. Its grandeur was emphasized in the reign of Ptolemy II Philadelphus… Character of the city Alexandria has long occupied a special place in the popular imagination by virtue of its association with Alexander and Cleopatra.

Alexandria played an important role in preserving and transmitting Hellenic culture to the wider Mediterranean world and was a crucible of scholarship, piety, and ecclesiastical politics in early Christian history. Although it has been asserted that Alexandria declined as a result of its conquest by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century ce, such a statement is misleading. As late as the 15th century, the city prospered as a transit point in the trade conducted between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean basin.

Alexandria, EgyptDowntown Alexandria, Egypt.

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